Introduction to HTML 5 (part 1 of 10)



HTML is always considered as one of the important aspects of web development. Here, we are discussing about HTML5.

HTML5 which is currently under development is the next major revision of the HTML standard. Like its immediate Predecessors HTML4.01 and XHTML 1.1 , HTML5 is a standard for structuring and presenting content on world wide web.

This new standard incorporates features like video playback , drag and drop , geolocation, data storage , visiting websites offline , forms and many more.

Here is a brief history of HTML5.

HTML5 which is currently under development is the next major revision of the HTML standard.

There was never any such thing as HTML 1

The first official specification was HTML 2.0, published by the IETF, the Internet Engineering Task Force.

Later on the role of the IETF was superceded by the W3C, the World Wide Web Consortium, where subsequent iterations of the HTML standard have been published.

In the latter half of nineties HTML 4.01 was published.

After HTML 4.01, the next revision to the language was called XHTML 1.0

The content of the XHTML 1.0 specification was identical to that of HTML 4.01. No new elements or attributes were added.

The only difference was in the syntax of the language.

Valid XHTML 1.0 document requires all tags and attributes to be in lowercase. All attributes must be quoted.All elements must have a closing tag.

These rules were similar to that of XML.So they were moving towards XML more.

Then the W3C published XHTML 1.1.

It seemed as if the W3C were losing touch with the day-to-day reality of publishing on the web as they were moving towards XML.

They began working on XHTML 2

XHTML 2 wasn’t going to be backwards compatible with existing web content or even previous versions of HTML

Representatives from Opera, Apple and Mozilla were unhappy with this direction.

They formed their own group: the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group, or WHATWG

They started working on HTML Standard and came out with new revision HTML5

The W3C uses a consensus-based approach: issues are raised, discussed, and voted on.

At the WHATWG, issues are also raised and discussed, but the final decision on what
goes into a specification rests with the editor. The editor is Ian Hickson.

While HTML5 was being developed at the WHATWG, the W3C continued working on XHTML 2

Later on W3C admitted that the attempt to move the web from HTML to XML just wasn’t working.

Rather than start from scratch, they wisely decided that the work of the WHATWG should be used as the basis for any future version of HTML.

Later on W3C announced that they will stop working on XHTML 2 and they will support WHATWG.

There are two groups working on HTML5. The WHATWG is creating an HTML5 specification using its process of “commit then review.” The W3C HTML Working Group is taking that specification and putting it through its process of “review then

TechJini Solutions is Bangalore, India based company working in the areas of software product engineering services and involved in next generation mobile software development that bring real business value. We take pride in our philosophy of taking on challenging problems and providing innovative and outstanding solutions. We are proud to develop applications on different mobile/tablet platforms including iPhone, iPad, BlackBerry and Android.

Next time, we will look at Forms in HTML 5. Feel free to email me for more details –

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    December 14, 2010

    Great start! Thumbs up…

    Can’t wait for next part!!

    May I know when you will write the next chapters?

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  2. Avidnyat

    December 14, 2010


    Thanks for the comment. Next part is coming soon, maybe before this weekend. Hopefully you will like next one even more.

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